Playing multiple sports creates better, healthier kids, says physical therapist

  • Wednesday, March 28, 2018 9:59am
  • Sports

Special to the Reporter

In an era of specialization in sports involving athletes of all ages, physical therapist and DPT, Anna Friedman, joins most medical experts in agreeing that young athletes generally remain mentally and physically healthier, achieve greater success, and learn to enjoy a lifetime of physical fitness when they opt to play multiple sports.

Friedman adds that, in contrast, allowing youths to specialize in a sport year-round can lead to burnout, a greater risk of experiencing overuse injuries, and less long-term success.

“Encouraging our kids to specialize in a single sport throughout the year isn’t putting them on the right path toward success without risking injury and burnout,” said Friedman, physical therapist of RET Physical Therapy Group, which has 26 locations in the greater Seattle area, including Bellevue, Bothell, Issaquah, Kirkland, Mercer Island and Redmond. “While this path has worked out for some, these stories are very rare and overlook the fact that the risks of specialization far outweigh the rewards, especially when it comes to youth athletes.”

It’s been estimated that up to 60 million U.S. youths ages 6 to 18 years participate in some form of athletics. More than 5 million of these athletes experience an injury each year. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, at least 50 percent of athletic injuries are related to overuse, the types of injuries for which one-sport athletes are particularly prone.

“An overuse injury happens when a bone, muscle or tendon has been put through repetitive stress without being given a sufficient amount of time to heal or repair, leading to microtraumatic damage,” said Friedman. “Think sore pitching arms or pain in a swimmer’s shoulder that doesn’t go away, possibly keeping the athlete from competing.”

The same repetitive motions year-round can, in other words, lead to such overuse injuries as strains, sprains, stress fractures, and even tears in muscles, tendons and ligaments. Playing multiple sports, in contrast, allows young athletes to challenge their bodies in different ways, developing new sets of physical traits and skills and that offer more universal performance benefits.

To help young athletes reduce the risk of developing overuse injuries and overall burnout, Friedman offers the following advice to parents and coaches:

Encourage diversity: Especially at an early age, encourage kids to try out and play different sports throughout the year. Some of the most successful athletes (up to 97 percent of the pros) believe being a multisport athlete was beneficial to their long-term success.

Seek rest: Young athletes should take at least one to two days off from practice and/or structured sports participation each week. Some experts suggest limiting weekly practice to the age (in hours) of the athlete. Long-term, athletes should take two to three months off a particular sport each year to help refresh the body and the mind.

Specialize later: Wait until at least high school age – better yet, around the ages of 16 or 17 – before considering specializing in any individual sport. At this point, the body is more prepared for such rigors.

Watch for signs: If a young athlete complains of nonspecific problems with muscles and/or joints, physical fatigue, or grows concerned about poor performance, visit a health professional such as a physical therapist, who can fully evaluate the issue and offer treatment (if needed) for any potential injuries or deficiencies.

More in Sports

Lake Washington, Juanita runners make an impact on the course

Bailey takes first for Kangs at Marymoor.

A stalemate on the soccer field

Lake Washington, Bellevue battle to 2-2 draw.

Purohit feels at home in Lake Washington’s top singles spot

Kang senior and partner Suko won 3A state doubles tourney last season

Juanita earns victory over Inglemoor, 28-21 / Football

Juanita beat Inglemoor, 28-21, and Redmond defeated Lake Washington, 10-7, in football… Continue reading

Kangs, Rebels compete on the links

Lake Washington won its second straight boys golf match to start the… Continue reading

Juanita and Lake Washington volleyballers are determined to win

Both squads sport new coaches this season

Juanita, Lake Washington lose on Friday / Football

It was a rough night for local football squads as Mountain View… Continue reading

Local lacrosse lads shine for West squad

Kirkland lacrosse players (left to right) Bode Maurer, Vin Maxwell and Gage… Continue reading

Christina Minor makes a play at second as Bella Ely stands by. Courtesy of workmac-LLSWS
Kirkland knocks past Canada in World Series

Locals to play in quarterfinals on Monday

Kirkland slugged away for 15 hits against Prague. Courtesy of workmac-LLSWS
Kirkland knocks off Prague, 15-0, in World Series

Kirkland keeps rolling in the Little League Softball World Series. Ashlyn Cook… Continue reading